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UNSC must reflect realities of 21st century; talks on reform process to resume on Jan 25: PGA Volkan Bozkir

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UNITED NATIONS: The Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN)
on UN Security Council
reform
process will
resume later this month, President
of the General Assembly Volkan Bozkir has said, asserting that
UNSC membership as well as its working methods
must
reflect
realities
of the
21st
century.

India joined
UNSC this month as a non-permanent member for a two-year term and the country has been at the forefront
of the years-long efforts
to
reform the powerful 15-nation UN organ, saying it rightly deserves a place as a permanent member
of the Council, which in its current form does not represent the geo-political
realities
of the
21st
century.

“There’s no doubt that the membership
of the Security Council, as well as its working methods,
must
reflect the
realities
of the
21st
century. This
process is an intergovernmental one, and thereby member states-driven,” Bozkir told a press briefing at the UN headquarters
on Friday.

Responding
to a question
on whether he sees any signs
of progress
on the long-delayed Security Council reforms, Bozkir said the two co-chairs for the IGN
process-Permanent Representative
of Qatar and Permanent Representative
of Poland – appointed by him will start the Inter-Governmental Negotiations for the 75th session
on January
25 and 26.

“Then, the first meeting will take place,” he said adding that he is looking forward
to the first IGN meeting
on January
25 and 26 which will “give some lights
on what we will be able
to do in the following months”.

The IGN meeting
to discuss the long-stalled
UNSC reforms was postponed
on May last until further notice as in-person meetings at the UN headquarters remained suspended due
to the COVID-19 pandemic.

India’s Permanent Representative
to the UN Ambassador TS Tirumurti has said that a handful
of countries are using the IGN as a “smoke-screen” and stopping progress
on reforming the Security Council, which has “impaired”.

He has lamented that nothing has moved for more than a decade in the IGN except hearing passionate statements
on the need for
reform. Criticising the absence
of even a single negotiating text, Tirumurti has said that the IGN has become like a “platform for debate in a university rather than a serious result-oriented
process in the United Nations consisting
of sovereign member states”.

India has also asserted that there is a need for a decisive movement this year in the
UNSC
reform
process.

“Without decisive movement, I feel that those who support real
reform and who wish
to deliver
on the commitment made by our leaders, will be forced
to look beyond the IGN, maybe
to this very Assembly, for results. If that happens, we
must not hesitate in taking a relook at the IGN
process itself,” Tirumurti told the General Assembly last November.

Bozkir said Security Council
reform is very important not only for member states but also
to the United Nations as a whole.

“And
of course it’s a very complex challenge that is closely linked
to one
of the main pillars
of our organisation, which is peace and security,” he said.

The
reform
process is building
on the meetings held during previous sessions, Bozkir said, adding that during his tenure so far as president
of the General Assembly, he has had consultations with almost every group in the IGN
process and has listened
to their views.

“I believe that dialogue among member states is the most effective way
to bring the
reform
process forward. But we’re planning
to have more meetings
of the IGN,” he said.

Bozkir said he first wants
to see what happens
on January
25-26 “so that we can decide
on further steps”.

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