Tag: cognitive impairment

Cognitive Deficits Linked to CV Risk Factors in Diabetes

In type 2 diabetes (T2D), a greater degree of hyperlipidemia and hypertension, although not hyperglycemia, was associated with measurable cognitive impairment even among patients with...

Anticholinergics a Key Contributor to Cognitive Impairment

Anticholinergic medication burden from antipsychotics, antidepressants, and other psychotropics has a cumulative effect of worsening cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia, new research indicates. “The...

Formal Geriatric Assessment Should Be Routine

As the number of elderly patients with cancer continues to rise — and geriatricians remain in short supply — primary care providers and community oncologists...

Novel Alzheimer’s Drug Slows Cognitive Decline in Phase 2 Trial 

Results from a phase 2 placebo-controlled trial of the investigational antiamyloid drug donanemab show that the novel agent met the primary outcome of slowing cognitive...

Sleep Apnea, Cognitive Impairment Common Bedfellows

More than 50% of patients with cognitive impairment have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), in findings that also reveal OSA severity is correlated to the degree...

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Early Cognitive Impairment in MS

Vitamin D deficiency detected at the time of diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with cognitive impairment and may also affect disability, according to...

Different MS Cognitive Phenotypes Could Help Guide Care

Researchers have developed a new classification of cognitive function for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) that is based on the identification of five cognitive phenotypes....

SRS Instead of WBRT for Patients With Multiple Brain Metastases

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) should replace whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the new standard of care for patients with four or more brain metastases, say researchers who...

Ketoacidosis in Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Tied to Worse Memory, IQ

Children who had a single episode of moderate/severe diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes had a subtle decline in a...

Metformin Linked to Reduced Cognitive Decline, Dementia Risk

Older people taking metformin, the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes, show significantly lower rates of dementia and cognitive decline compared to those with diabetes...

Researchers Identify Five Cognitive Phenotypes in MS

Researchers have identified five cognitive phenotypes among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The lead researcher described the clinical characteristics and MRI findings unique to each...

Pearls for Administering Cognitive Exams During the Pandemic

Patients have often been labeled as “poor historians” if they are not able to recollect their own medical history, whether through illness or difficulties in...

Cardiovascular Risk Factors Tied to Midlife Cognitive Decline

Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), including hypertension, diabetes, and smoking, are linked to a significantly increased risk for cognitive decline in midlife in a dose-dependent manner,...

End-of-Life Care Disrupted in COVID-19 Crisis

Editor’s note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center. An elderly man with congestive heart failure was getting worse, but...

Sleep Disturbance May Predict Rapid Cognitive Decline in AD

Excessive sleep disturbances are linked to increased cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), new research suggests. Records from the National AD Coordinating Center...

Visual Impairment Tied to Increased Dementia Risk in Older Women

(Reuters Health) – Older women with objective visual impairment are likely to develop dementia or mild cognitive impairment, a secondary analysis of data from the...

Diastolic Dysfunction a Common Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline

Diastolic dysfunction, a common and often undiagnosed condition in older individuals, could be contributing to the increasing burden of cognitive decline, a new study suggests....

Cognitive Decline With Endocrine Tx for Breast Ca

Cognitive impairment seen in women with early breast cancer who undergo chemotherapy ― so-called chemobrain ― has now been reported in patients who are treated...

Strong Support for Amyloid as Dementia Prevention Target

The first published data from the Anti-Amyloid Treatment in Asymptomatic Alzheimer’s Disease (A4) trial support the hypothesis that higher brain amyloid levels represent an early...