“In my daily contacts with stakeholders in Myanmar, I hear first-hand accounts about the dire situation. People suffer from deprivation, have no hope and live in fear,” Christine Schraner Burgener, Special Envoy of Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Myanmar, told the UN General Assembly.
Official sources, reacting to Burgener’s claim, told ET that the numbers are dynamic and keep on changing. The government is monitoring the number of people seeking refuge in India and issued SOPs under COVID protocols, sources added.
“Nationwide clashes, including in central Myanmar and regions bordering China, India and Thailand, have led to acute new displacements of around 175,000 civilians, and some 10,000 refugees have fled to India and Thailand. The regional threat of the crisis is real,” she said, adding that “we must continue to call for maximum restraint and condemn all forms of violence. The risk of a large-scale civil war is real.”
Burgener claimed that as the region faces a multi-dimensional crisis in the heart of Asia, “our timely support and action is paramount”.
She also stressed that the international community must not forget the Rohingyas as their situation remains dire and the General Assembly must continue to be seized on the issue as an integral part of its engagement on Myanmar.
“Highlighting persistent challenges, Rohingyas continue undertaking risky journeys across the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea,” Burgener said.
The UN General Assembly adopted the draft resolution ‘The situation in Myanmar’ on Friday with 119 member states voting in favour.
Belarus was the sole country voting against the resolution, while 36 nations abstained. The nations which abstained from voting include Myanmar’s neighbours –– India, Russia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Lao, Nepal and Thailand.
India abstained saying its views have not been reflected in the draft, which did not get support even from Myanmar’s neighbouring countries and New Delhi does not believe the resolution, tabled hastily, is conducive to “aiding our joint efforts towards strengthening the democratic process” in Myanmar.
In the Explanation of Vote in the General Assembly hall, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador TS Tirumurti had said that as Myanmar’s immediate neighbour and close friend of its people, India is cognisant of the “serious impact of political instability” and the potential of its spillover beyond Myanmar’s borders. India has been calling for greater engagement with the objective of peacefully resolving all issues.
“We already have such an ongoing initiative under the
of ASEAN. It is important that we extend support to the ASEAN efforts. During the discussions on this resolution, we had engaged in a spirit of finding a constructive and pragmatic way forward and had accordingly shared our suggestions to those who piloted this resolution,” Tirumurti said.
“However, we find that our views have not been reflected in the draft being considered for adoption today. We would like to reiterate that a consultative and constructive approach involving the neighbouring countries and the region, remains important as the international community strives for the peaceful resolution of the issue,” he said.
Tirumurti had emphasised that the fact that there is lack of support from all neighbouring countries as well as several countries in the region itself “should, hopefully, serve as an eye-opener to those who chose to pursue a hasty course of action”.
“We, therefore, do not believe that the tabling of this resolution for adoption at this juncture, is conducive to aiding our joint efforts towards strengthening the democratic process in Myanmar. We are therefore constrained to abstain,” he said.
The resolution expressed “grave concern” at the February 1 coup and called upon Myanmar’s military junta to immediately and unconditionally release President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government officials, politicians and those arbitrarily detained or arrested.