Home > News > India has never accepted unilaterally defined 1959 LAC: MEA | India News

India has never accepted unilaterally defined 1959 LAC: MEA | India News


India rejected China’s claims that Beijing only accepted only the 1959 line of actual control (LAC) in the India-China border areas, asking Beijing to abide by existing agreements and stop trying to alter the status quo unilaterally.
In a sternly worded statement, MEA spokesperson said, “India has never accepted the so-called unilaterally defined 1959 Line of Actual Control (LAC). This position has been consistent and well known, including to the Chinese side.”
The Chinese statement by their foreign ministry to the Hindustan Times came even as their spokesman Wang Wenbin stated on Tuesday that “China does not recognize the so-called Union Territory of Ladakh illegally established by India, and opposes infrastructure construction in disputed border areas for military control purposes.” The MEA spokesperson added China’s “insistence” on one LAC was contrary to the “solemn commitments made by China” to abide by existing bilateral agreements.
Former foreign secretary Nirupama Rao said, this line was referenced by former Chinese premier Zhou Enlai to Nehru in 1959 “and it’s used as a reference point by the Chinese. Thereafter, the ‘1959 Line’ was described without much precision by the Chinese during the 1960 Officials’ Talks. They physically came up to most of this line in the 1962 conflict.”
The MEA spokesperson said under various agreements — 1993 Agreement on Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the LAC, 1996 Agreement on Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) in the military field, 2005 Protocol on Implementation of CBMs, 2005 Agreement on Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for settlement of the India-China Boundary Question — China committed to a process of clarification of the LAC to reach a “common understanding of the border. This process had started and India and China exchanged maps of the central sector. But in 2003, China refused to exchange maps of the western sector which was then being discussed. The process stalled then.
MEA quoted Rajnath Singh to stress “it is the Chinese side which by its attempts to transgress the LAC in various parts of the Western Sector, has tried to unilaterally alter the status quo.” The spokesperson said that in the past few months China has “repeatedly affirmed that the current situation in the border areas should be resolved in accordance with the agreements signed between the two countries. In the agreement reached between External Affairs Minister and his Chinese counterpart on 10th September also, the Chinese side has reiterated its commitment to abide by all the existing agreements.”
Gautam Bambawale, former envoy to China said, “The problem here is that the LAC cannot be defined unilaterally, as the Chinese tried to do in 1959 and are once again attempting to do in 2020. Now, once again in 2020 they are trying to enforce a unilaterally defined LAC on India. It was unacceptable to us in 1959. It is unacceptable to us in 2020.”

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