Data from the Consumer Pyramids Household Survey of CMIE shows employment in agriculture shot up and touched its peak in July and August at 160 million resulting in total employment in the sector in the quarter ended on September 30 at 158 million, which is 5.5% higher than the corresponding quarter a year ago.
Though the employment declined in agriculture in the December quarter to 154 million, it is still 3.5% higher than the corresponding quarter in 2019. This has resulted in an increase in share of agriculture in employment generation to 40% in 2020 as against 36% in 2019.
“The increase in employment in agriculture during the lockdown indicates both, shift in labour from shrinking employment opportunities in non-farm sectors and also, favourable agricultural conditions during the year,” CMIE said in its weekly analysis.
Even the real estate and construction industry has seen a near-complete recovery in terms of employment with industry gaining all 33 million jobs lost during the pandemic by the quarter ended December 2020. The industry employed an estimated 61 million persons in 2019-20 which had fallen to 28 million in the June 2020 quarter during the lockdown.
As per the data, employment in manufacturing is 11.4 million less in the fiscal so far, despite a quarter-on-quarter recovery, compared to 40 million employed in manufacturing in 2019-20.
“More importantly, every major manufacturing industry, except pharmaceuticals, employed less people in all three quarters of 2020-21 compared to the employment in 2019-20,” CMIE said.
According to CMIE, even services sector employment is yet to recover fully with education being the most impacted sector that hasn’t recovered much . Total employment in the services sector stood at 148 million in the quarter ended December 2020 compared to 157 million employed in the quarter of March 2020.
“By the December 2020 quarter most services sector job losses had recovered, except education. Loss of jobs in the education sector continues to mount,” it said. In the quarter ended December 2020, 5.9 million jobs were lost in the education sector compared to 14.5 million in the quarter of March 2020. Employment in education was down to 9.1 million in the quarter ended December 2020.