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Brexit: Brandon Lewis admits UK plans to break international law over Northern Ireland


  • Boris Johnson’s government admits that it plans to break international law.
  • The Secterary of State for Northern Ireland Brandon Lewis on Tuesday admitted that the government’s plans for the province would break international law “in a very specific and limited way.”
  • The admission came in response to a question from a Conservative MP who expressed concern with Johnson’s plans to make “minor clarifications” to the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement with the EU.
  • The answer prompted visible shock on opposition benches.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Boris Johnson’s UK government has admitted that its contentious plan to make changes to the Brexit protocol for Northern Ireland would be in breach of international law.

In an extraordinary exchange in the House of Commons on Tuesday afternoon, Brandon Lewis, the UK’s Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, said the plan “does break international law in a very specific and limited way.”

A Financial Times report on Sunday that claimed that the UK government was seeking to overwrite the protocol for Northern Ireland agreed with the European Union sent shockwaves throughout Westminster and Brussels.

Johnson’s government will on Wednesday table legislation that if implemented would give UK minsters the power to unilaterally determine several issues relating to trade between Northern Ireland and Great Britain which are currently being negotiated by UK and EU officials.

UK government officials insisted that the changes were minor and would not supplant or replace the Withdrawal Agreement struck late last year. In practice, they will give UK ministers the power to decide what goods are “at risk” of entering the EU, waive export declarations on goods heading from Northern Ireland to Great Britain, and pick and choose when to inform Brussels of state aid decisions that affect the Northern Ireland good’s market.

The government has faced accusations across the political spectrum of seeking to wriggle out of commitments it signed up to as part of the Brexit withdrawal treaty. On Tuesday it emerged that Jonathan Jones, the head of the UK government’s legal department, had quit his position in protest against the government’s plans.

On Tuesday, Lewis appeared to confirm claims that UK government was planning to break international law.

In a question to Lewis, Conservative Member of Parliament Bob Neill said “adherence to the rule of law is not negotiable” and asked: “Against that background, will he assure us that nothing that is proposed in this legislation does or potentially might breach international legal obligations or international legal arrangements that we have entered into?”

To the visible shock of MPs on the opposition benches, including Labour shadow ministers Louise Haigh and Lisa Nandy, Lewis said: “Yes, this does break international law in a very specific and limited way.”

He said: “We are taking the power to disapply the EU law concept of direct effect, required by Article 4 in certain, very tightly defined circumstances. There are precedents for the UK and indeed other countries needing to consider their international obligations  as circumstances change.”

Lewis added that legislation called the Finance Act 2013 “contains the example of treaty override, it contains provisions that expressly disapply international tax treaties to the extent that these conflict with the general anti-abuse rule.”

Watch Brandon Lewis’ admit that the UK was planning to break international law:


Matthew O’Toole, the Northern Irish assembly member for Belfast South, said Lewis’ admission was “chilling.”

He told Business Insider:’ People in Northern Ireland already knew Johnson’s Government had little more than contempt for them but for an NI sec to brazenly state on the floor of the House of Commons that the UK will break international legal obligations designed to protect NI society is a new low.

“A dark populism has gripped this Government, which now seems indifferent, not only to the solemn pledges made to people of NI – but to its international reputation.”

Labour’s Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Louise Haigh said it is “absolutely astonishing that the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland has confirmed the government will be in breach of international law by undermining the Northern Ireland Protocol. This seriously undermines our authority on the international stage.”

Earlier in the debate, former prime minister Theresa May suggested that her replacement Johnson was seeking to abandon promises he signed up to in international law.

She asked Lewis: “How can the government reassure future international partners that the UK can be trusted to abide by the legal obligations of the agreements it signs?”

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