COVID 19 is the biggest problem globally, and this is now known as the biggest epidemic. This year COVID 19 has affected the lives of all sectors. And one of these areas is farming. Like all types of fields, agriculture is very poorly affected. Pandemic coronavirus starts at the peak of the harvesting season.
As the markets are shut down, there is a hazard to the crop in over 100 lakh hectares. Coronavirus has affected farming in various ways; let’s look at some harmful impacts of COVID 19 in agriculture.
As India is moving towards total lockdown by regulations and controls, the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic on the economy is becoming more acute. Indian economy is already experiencing a sharp decline by the end of 2019 and due to this epidemic, it is worse.
To reduce this trouble, the government is doing its best and took good steps for farmers and public convenience. Government helps by the money, by the technics, and also provides food for everyone.
Impact of COVID 19 in agriculture
This pandemic has had a terrible effect on farmers. So some effects are shown here. see below: –
- Fertilizers shortage
Due to this pandemic, there is global trade disturbance so that farmers can face a shortage of agricultural inputs such as pesticides, fertilizer, etc. In the longer term, the supply of fertilizer becomes a problem since some production plants are shut down.
- On livestock
Various agriculture sectors, such as animals and fisheries, have been hit by the epidemic. Due to this pandemic, there is a shortage of animal feed and labour. In India, coronavirus has had a greater impact on livestock farming. The travel ban has affected the breeding stock of poultry. Animal farming
- Labour unavailability due to reverse migration
The non-availability of labour has hurt the farmers in many parts. Harvesting of crops has reduced due to a shortage of migrant workers. Labour unavailability means the workload which can be very stressful for farmers. Migrant labor will face many problems because of this pandemic.
- Fall in prices
Agricultural prices have fallen due to a lack of access to markets, including transportation stagnation and the closing of borders. Increased labour costs mean that farmers are under heavy losses and therefore allowing crops to rot in the fields.
- Scarcity of public goods
Providing food grains, fruits and vegetables, and other essential commodities to consumers in rural and urban areas is the most important challenge. Transportation of public distribution system (PDS) goods has been severely affected initially for last-mile delivery agents by both rail and road.
- Lockdown induced debt and Cash Flow Constraints
The most important issue for the farmers is repaying their gold loans, crop loans, and other informal loans. The most important issue for the farmers is repaying their gold loans, crop loans, and other informal loans.
The crop loan is repaid between April and May, and a given new loan at the beginning of the new season. They are now forced to borrow money from the informal sector at high-interest rates for the new season.
Relief from COVID 19 in agriculture
Due to this pandemic, the government took many relief steps for farmers. Here are some steps which are taken by the Indian government.
- Improvement in E – NAM
The National Agricultural Market Forum has initiated a welcome move with new Mandis. They aim to strengthen agricultural marketing to provide physical access to wholesale Mandis to farmers to sell their harvested produce.
There are many supportive techniques launched by the government, which are very useful for farmers and the public. Kisan Sabha app developed by CSIR to support farmers during the lockdown. And to connect farmers to supply chains and freight transport management systems.
The app provides the most economical and timely logistics support to farmers and increases their profit margins by reducing intermediary interventions and engaging directly with institutional buyers.
Due to this pandemic, the government helps the farmers with the money also. The Center has paid an April-July instalment of Rs 2,000 each year to about nine crore farmers under its flagship PM-Kisan scheme.
Under this scheme launched in February 2019, each beneficiary farmer gets three as direct income support. It has the right to receive Rs 6,000 every year in equal instalments.
Coronavirus problems are not ending this year, given the possibility of today. In contrast, new agriculture is likely to be complicated at the beginning of the sowing season. There is a greater need for government support in the form of support for other agricultural inputs.
Lack of any relief will worsen the agrarian crisis. The government is fully trying to control the problem of farmers and this coronavirus. For this, they are taking new steps every day.
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