Causes Of Brain Tumors And Their Treatments


Maintaining a good balance of everything is necessary for the proper functioning of the body. When the balance is disturbed, the organs are not able to function properly and we catch ailments. Many chemical changes happen in our body daily. Each moment hundreds and thousands of new cells are born, then they divide, perform their functions and die. This is how the balance is maintained. Due to some reasons when this balance is disturbed, problems occur in the body. At times, abnormal cells start to mutate in the body. They divide quickly and are different from healthy cells. When such a thing happens, a tumor is formed. In the case of the brain, this occurs when abnormal brain cells grow in the brain to form a mass that hinders the blood flow and damages the surrounding brain tissues. There can be many reasons why a brain tumor is formed.

To know about the causes, we must first know about the types of tumors. 

Mainly there are two types of tumors, benign and malignant. The benign tumors are also called primary tumors because they originate in the brain itself or the tissues that lie close to the brain. These tumors are caused when there is a change in the DNA of the cell. At times the DNA information acquired by the cells becomes distorted which causes abnormal mutation and thus the formation of benign tumors. These tumors cannot spread to other parts of the body and are known as non-cancerous tumors. 

Malignant tumors are cancerous tumors that are formed in the other parts of the body and spread to the brain later. These tumors are more common in adults than benign ones. The malignant tumors are also called secondary tumors and can be found in people who have a history of ailments like cancer.

Several types of cancers can spread to the brain if not diagnosed at the right time. Some of them are listed below-

  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Kidney cancer 
  • Melanoma

Different types of brain tumors come up in different parts of the brain. Different types of treatments are required to cure these tumors. 

Some of the common types of brain tumors are-

  • Gliomas
  • Meningiomas
  • Medulloblastomas
  • Gangliomas

When a person has a brain tumor, s/he displays these important signs that must not be ignored. The symptoms of a brain tumor show up when the tumor grows big enough to damage the neighbour tissues and nerves. A person with a brain tumor shows these symptoms

  1. Headaches and vomiting in the morning.
  2. Confusion and dizziness
  3. Disbalance and difficulty in walking
  4. A sensation of pins and needles in the body with a reduced sense of touch.
  5. Difficulty in seeing properly and constant tiredness
  6. Extreme mood swings and personality changes

In case these symptoms are persistent then the patient must consult a doctor immediately.

If someone is diagnosed with a brain tumor then they can be treated in three different ways according to the intensity and type of tumor that they have. 

Treatments of brain tumors –

Brain tumors can be fatal if not treated properly. There are three different ways in which brain tumors can be treated to know more about them have a look at the points below. 

Medication: This treatment is used to cure cancerous tumors. The medication involves chemotherapy. This type of therapy takes about 6 months to a year to complete. In chemotherapy, the patient anticancer drugs are injected into the body. The drugs are either taken in solid form like tablets or are injected into the body using an injection. These drugs are known to destroy brain tumour cells and cure the brain of tumours. Chemotherapy is used to treat brain tumors like Gliomas. It can have many side effects that vary from person to person however some common ones that can be found in all patients are hair loss and decreased white blood cells.

Surgery: With surgery, both malignant and benign tumors can be treated. Surgery involves craniotomy. In this type of treatment, a flap of bone from the patient’s cranium is cut out to operate the brain for tumors. Once the surgery is complete the bone is fixed at its original place. A craniotomy is carried out under general anesthesia and is known to be a complicated surgery. The brain tumor surgery cost in India is quite affordable as compared to other foreign countries. India has the best surgeons and the latest technology to carry out successful craniotomy with ease.

Radiation therapy: During radiation therapy, a converged and powerful beam of rays like X- Rays is passed through the body. These powerful rays help to destroy the cancer cells thus reducing the tumours too. While radiation therapy is highly successful it also has some side effects too. After this therapy one experiences symptoms like headache, weakness and dizziness.

Brain tumors can be fatal if not treated at the right time. They can be a cause of brain injuries like hemorrhages which are very difficult to treat. The brain haemorrhage surgery cost in India is also quite affordable for medical tourists and that is one reason why India ranks among the best destinations for medical tourism in the world.

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