Bed Bugs | What They Are and How to Control Them

Pest Control

Great hitchhikers are bed bugs. By moving on furniture, bedding, luggage, boxes, and clothes, they will move from an infested site to a new home.

While they usually feed on blood every 5 to 10 days, bed bugs can be very resilient; they are able to survive without feeding for several months to a year.

According to the 2018 Bugs Without Borders report, more than nearly every other form of critter, including cockroaches and fleas, pest professionals are contacted with bed bugs.

If you find a single bug in your suitcase or a full-fledged infestation on your mattress, bed bugs can be a real pain to eradicate completely. It is recommended to contact pest control experts to help you with the best solution.

Lucky for you, there are some simple steps that you can take to reduce your chances of finding bed bugs in your house considerably. Before you try out your hands on these tricks let us get to know some quick things about bed bugs

Interesting facts about bed bugs

  •       The female lays eggs around the edges of mattresses, box springs, and bed frames in cracks and crevices. Bed bugs in infested rooms often occupy other cracks and crevices. These other areas include: behind picture frames, turn plate covers, loose wallpaper, under door and window casings, baseboards, or carpet edges.
  •       During daytime hours, bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices.
  •       They hide bed rails and headboards in the folds and tufts of mattresses, coils of springs, holes, and hollow posts of bed stand. They can be found in box springs, inside the furniture cabinetry, and in drawers on the bottom and sides.
  •       In the upholstery of chairs and sofas, bed bugs can hide.

What are bed bugs?

  •       Bed bugs are tiny, flat, wingless insects that, before feeding, are reddish-brown in color and about a quarter of an inch long (about the size and shape of a tiny apple seed).
  •       They hide on beds (mattress seams, box springs, bed frames, headboards) and in-wall, floor, and furniture cracks and crevices throughout the day. At night, they come out.
  •       They don’t run or jump, but they can swiftly crawl.

How do bed bugs get into your home?

They may come from other places that have been infested or from used furniture. In luggage, purses, backpacks, or other products put on soft or upholstered surfaces, they can catch a ride.

In multi-unit buildings, including apartment complexes and hotels, they can move between spaces.

How can you avoid bed bugs from getting into your home?

Place your bag on a luggage stand while staying in a hotel, rather than on the bed or floor. Hold the rack away from furniture or walls. Wash the clothes from your trip upon returning home and put them in a hot dryer.

Prior to bringing it inside, check new, and used furniture. Look for seams, tufts, and cushions beneath.

How can one check about the bed bugs problem?

In the mattress seams and other things in the bedroom, you can see the bed bugs themselves, their shed bodies, or their droppings. Bloodstains on sheets can also occur.

Controlling the bugs

It can be achieved, but what is called an “integrated pest management” (IPM) approach is typically needed. This incorporates approaches that pose the lowest risk to the environment and your health. Try these tactics:

  •       Clean and get rid of the clutter, in your bedroom in particular.
  •       Shift your bed away from the furniture or walls.
  •       Vacuum molding, everyday windows, and floors. Vacuum edges, mattress seams, box springs, and furniture seams. Immediately empty the vacuum or bag and dispose of it in a sealed container or bag outside.
  •       Sheets, pillowcases, blankets, and bed skirts are washed and placed in a hot dryer for a minimum of 30 minutes. Consider using mattress and box spring covers and sticking duct tape over the zippers, the kind used for dust mite control.
  •       Seal gaps and crevices and any holes where the home is reached by pipes or wires.

Pesticides for bed bugs

If used incorrectly, pesticides may not be successful and maybe hazardous. Employ these rules if you plan to use pesticides:

  •       Do not explicitly apply pesticides to your body (there are no approved repellents that can be used on the human body to combat bed bugs).
  •       Do not use indoor pesticides for outdoor use.
  •       Make sure they have experience with bed bugs if you plan to employ a pest control agency. They should follow the IPM steps, along with any application of pesticides.
  •       Using a registered company that hires licensed applicators. The Environmental Protection Department has a list of companies that are registered.

To get rid of bed bugs, and in some situations, the help of landlords, neighbors, and others, requires time and patience. It can be frustrating mentally and emotionally. When pest control firms are called in, it can also be costly. Just note-bed bugs are more of an annoyance than a health issue and you can prevent or cope with infestations with caution.

Ways to get rid of bed bugs

Let us have a look at some of the ways in which you can get rid of bed bugs:

Dismantle the beds and clean them

The dismantling of bed frames usually reveals bed bug hiding places in infested regions. It is necessary to gain access to these areas during cleaning. Stand up the spring of the box and shine through the gauze fabric with a flashlight and look for bed bugs. Remove the fabric to prepare for spraying if the fabric is ripped (a potential hiding place). If the mattress and/or box springs are infested, you may want to suggest Mattress Safe Encasements. Bed bugs will not enter or leave until they are filled with these encasements. When using these encasements, the mattress or box spring does not need to be treated. For a year, carry them on.

Vacuum clean

Scrub infested surfaces to dislodge eggs with a stiff cleaner. Extensively vacuum your room. Using a vacuum hose attachment on furniture and along baseboards on the walls to completely vacuum cracks and crevices. Vacuum around the baseboards, the furniture, the bed stands, the rails, the headboards, the footboards, the seams of the beds, the tufts, the buttons, the edges of the bedding, and the edges of the carpets. To encourage greater insecticide penetration, a good vacuum cleaning job can remove particles from cracks and crevices. Bed bugs closely stick to surfaces, so it is best to vacuum to pick out the bed bugs by rubbing the end of the vacuum attachment over the infested areas.

Spray everywhere

Spray around and below the bed, and near the bed, along the baseboards. The interior of the cabinetry, as well as the bottom and sides of the drawers, should be sprayed after removing the drawers from the furniture. Do not mess with the drawers inside. The clothes in the drawers should be removed and laundered if needed.

  •       Inside of closets, door frames, and cabinets, spray around.
  •       Spray the top and bottom of the room with molding. Spray the windows.
  •       Spray the drawer seams, both top, and bottom. From below, spray dressers. Spray where the floor is reached by the dressers.
  •       Spray where the floor is touched by the bed, spray the chairs, and the chairs beneath.

Spray all the baseboards, loose plaster, under the bed frames and headboards, under the beds and chairs, and under the bed frames and bedsprings. Do not refer to surfaces of furniture or mattresses where people are laying or sitting unless the product marked for that form of treatment has been used. Infested bedding, placed in sealed plastic, should not be handled but should be discarded.

Additional things to try out

When the engorged bed bugs are crushed, bed bug fecal and blood stains (like rust) are left on sheets and pillowcases. As sure signs of infestation, these indicators represent. During the daytime, bed bugs tend to hide in cracks and crevices and come out at night to feed on the host’s blood, usually when the host is asleep.

They fit in tiny crevices, especially around the bed area, because bed bugs can flatten their bodies. They are found in usual hiding areas, preferably in the vicinity of a blood meal. They will move several feet for a blood meal, even though their choice is to be nearby.

Initial infestations appear to be around beds, but eventually, the bugs become spread across a room, occupying any crevice or protected spot. They can spread to neighboring rooms or apartments as well.


Before carrying it into the home, it is essential to inspect used furniture, particularly bed frames and mattresses. In fact, mattresses bear the greatest risk of harboring bed bugs and their larvae. You should be cautious about purchasing used furniture, especially beds and sofas.

The inspection of bed bugs in hotel rooms is a tradition we have introduced into our journeys. Carry a flashlight with you if possible and fully inspect the bed area, as described above. Even, when you get home, you might want to inspect or vacuum luggage to avoid the transfer of bed bugs to your home.