The Constitution calls for Congress to convene on January 3 at noon ET — the reason for the rare Sunday session. Newly elected and returning members will take the oath of office and the full House of Representatives will vote to elect a new Speaker. Nancy Pelosi, who has served as House speaker
in the 116th Congress, is on track
to remain in the role.
House Democrats kept control of the House in the November elections, but will now have a narrower majority
after suffering a string of losses, despite projections that they would win more seats. House Republicans, meanwhile, outperformed expectations and are now poised to add a significant number of GOP women
to their ranks in the new Congress.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell welcomed all senators after they had been sworn in Sunday.
“To say the 117th Congress convenes at a challenging time would indeed be an understatement,” McConnell said. “From political division to a deadly pandemic to adversaries around the world, the hurdles before us are many and they are serious. But there’s also plenty of reason for hope. An optimistic forward-looking … spirit has been one of our country’s most distinctive calling cards since our very earliest days. And was safe and effective vaccines rolling out across our nation every day, I’d say 2021 looks bright already.”
The incoming class of freshmen includes high-profile Democrats and Republicans who have already gained national attention
even before setting foot in Congress.
In the House, a slate of progressive Democrats who took down incumbents in primary challenges will be part of the new Congress, including Cori Bush of Missouri, who ousted congressman Lacy Clay in a major upset and Jamaal Bowman
of New York, who defeated the chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Eliot Engel.
Other incoming members who already have a national profile include Republicans Marjorie Taylor Greene
of Georgia, who became widely known for a track record of incendiary rhetoric and ties to the baseless QAnon conspiracy theory, and Ronny Jackson
of Texas, President Donald Trump’s former chief physician.
In the Senate, former Gov. John Hickenlooper
is the new Democratic senator from Colorado and former Auburn University football coach Tommy Tuberville
is the newest Republican senator from Alabama.
will be another new senator in the new Congress after California Gov. Gavin Newsom appointed him to fill Vice President-elect Kamala Harris’ Senate seat. Harris and President-elect Joe Biden will be sworn in on January 20 during the presidential inauguration.
, a retired Navy captain and NASA astronaut, a new Democratic senator from Arizona, was sworn in during the month of December after winning a special election.
The first day of the new Congress will look a bit different this year with safety precautions in place to respond to the coronavirus pandemic.
The number of senators sworn in at a time was smaller to minimize crowding and senators are expected to take their oaths of office in groups of two to allow for social distancing.
Representatives will also be sworn in by groups, though the size will be far larger given how many more House members there are, with members-elect to be sworn in first.
Newly elected lawmakers often bring multiple family members to witness their swearing in and be part of photos commemorating the occasion. This year, though, members-elect will be permitted to have only one family member in the House gallery to watch the proceedings.
After the vote to elect a House speaker takes place, the new Speaker will administer the oath to members.
This story has been updated with additional developments Sunday.